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外贸常用术语(超齐全)

国际贸易

出口信贷 export credit 出口津贴 export subsidy


商品倾销 dumping 外汇倾销 exchange dumping

优惠关税 special preferences 保税仓库 bonded warehouse

贸易顺差 favorable balance of trade

贸易逆差 unfavorable balance of trade

进口配额制 import quotas top-sales.com.cn

自由贸易区 free trade zone

对外贸易值 value of foreign trade

国际贸易值 value of international trade

普遍优惠制 generalized system of preferences-GSP

最惠国待遇 most-favored nation treatment-MFNT

价格条件


价格术语trade term (price term)

运费freight 单价 price

码头费wharfage 总值 total value

卸货费landing charges 金额 amount

关税customs duty 净价 net price 印花税stamp duty

含佣价price including commission

港口税portdues 回佣return commission 装运港port of shipment

折扣discount,allowance 卸货港port of discharge 目的港portof destination


批发价 wholesale price 零售价 retail price

进口许口证inportlicence 出口许口证exportlicence

现货价格spot price 期货价格forward price

现行价格(时价)current price prevailingprice

国际市场价格 world (International)Marketprice

离岸价(船上交货价)FOB-free on board

成本加运费价(离岸加运费价) C&F-cost and freight

到岸价(成本加运费、保险费价)CIF-cost,insurance and freight


交货条件


交货delivery

轮船steamship(缩写S.S) 装运、装船shipment

租船charter (the chartered shep) 交货时间 time of delivery

定程租船voyage charter 装运期限time of shipment

定期租船time charter 托运人(一般指出口商)shipper,consignor

收货人consignee 班轮regular shipping liner

驳船lighter 舱位shipping space

油轮tanker 报关clearance of goods

陆运收据cargo receipt

提货to take delivery of goods

空运提单airway bill

正本提单original B\L

选择港(任意港)optional port

选港费optional charges

选港费由买方负担 optional charges to be borne by the Buyers 或 optional charges for Buyers account

一月份装船 shipment during January 或 January shipment

一月底装船 shipment not later than Jan.31st.或shipment on or before Jan.31st.

一/二月份装船 shipment during Jan./Feb.或 Jan./Feb. shipment

在......(时间)分两批装船 shipment during....in two lots

在......(时间)平均分两批装船 shipment during....in two equal lots

分三个月装运 in three monthly shipments

分三个月,每月平均装运 in three equal monthly shipments

立即装运 immediate shipments

即期装运 prompt shipments

收到信用证后30天内装运 shipments within 30 days after receipt of L/C

允许分批装船 partial shipment not allowed partial shipment not permitted

partial shipment not unacceptable

交易磋商、合同签订

订单 indent 订购 book; booking

电复 cable reply 实盘 firm offer 递盘 bid; bidding

递实盘 bid firm 还盘 counter offer 发盘(发价) offer 发实盘 offer firm

询盘(询价) inquiry; enquiry


指示性价格 price indication 速复 reply immediately

参考价 reference price 习惯做法 usual practice

交易磋商 business negotiation 不受约束 without engagement

业务洽谈 business discussion

限**复 subject to reply **

限* *复到 subject to reply reaching here **

有效期限 time of validity

有效至**: valid till **

购货合同 purchase contract

销售合同 sales contract

购货确认书 purchase confirmation

销售确认书 sales confirmation

一般交易条件 general terms and conditions

以未售出为准 subject to prior sale

需经卖方确认 subject to sellers confirmation

需经我方最后确认 subject to our final confirmation

贸易方式

INT (拍卖auction)

寄售consignment

招标invitation of tender 投标submission of tender

一般代理人agent 总代理人general agent

代理协议agency agreement

累计佣金accumulative commission

补偿贸易compensation trade (或抵偿贸易)compensating/compensatory trade

(又叫:往返贸易) counter trade

来料加工processing on giving materials

来料装配assembling on provided parts

独家经营/专营权exclusive right top-sales.com.cn

独家经营/包销/代理协议exclusivity agreement

独家代理 sole agency; sole agent; exclusive agency; exclusive agent

品质条件


品质 quality

原样 original sample

规格 specifications

复样 duplicate sample

说明 description

对等样品 countersample 标准 standard type

参考样品 reference sample 商品目录 catalogue

封样 sealed sample 宣传小册 pamphlet

公差 tolerance 货号 article No.

花色(搭配) assortment

样品 sample 5% 增减 5% plus or minus

代表性样品 representative sample

大路货(良好平均品质)fair average quality


商检仲裁

索赔 claim 争议disputes

罚金条款 penalty 仲裁arbitration

不可抗力 force Majeure 仲裁庭arbitral tribunal

产地证明书certificate of origin

品质检验证书 inspection certificate of quanlity

重量检验证书 inspection certificate of weight (quantity)

**商品检验局 **commodity inspection bureau (*.C.I.B)

品质、重量检验证书 inspection certificate

数量条件

个数 number 净重 net weight

容积 capacity 毛作净 gross for net

体积 volume 皮重 tare

毛重 gross weight

溢短装条款 more or less clause

外 汇

外汇 foreign exchange 法定贬值 devaluation

外币 foreign currency 法定升值 revaluation

汇率 rate of exchange 浮动汇率floating rate

国际收支 balance of payments 硬通货 hard currency

直接标价 direct quotation 软通货 soft currency

间接标价 indirect quotation 金平价 gold standard

买入汇率 buying rate 通货膨胀 inflation

卖出汇率 selling rate 固定汇率 fixed rate

金本位制度 gold standard 黄金输送点 gold points

铸币平价 mint par 纸币制度 paper money system

国际货币基金 international monetary fund

黄金外汇储备 gold and foreign exchange reserve

汇率波动的官定上下限 official upper and lower limits of fluctuatio

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VIEWS. 1032 UPDATE. 12-09